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B. F. Skinner claimed that his most important contributions were use of rate of response as the most sensitive indicator of response probability, and his standard, realtime graphic data display, the cumulative recorder. His daughter, Dr. Julie Vargas, asserts that precision teaching “follows in Skinner’s footsteps more closely than behavior analysis in general.” When O.R. Lindsley and his students measured rate of response during instructional sessions with children, they extended Skinner’s natural science into education. Measures of response rate, a standard and absolute measure of behavior, stood in contrast to percent correct and rating scales which are dimensionless quantities incompatible with metrics used in other fields of natural science.
Measuring rate of response (also called behavior frequency) of skilled behavior revealed new opportunities for research and development, particularly the impact of frequency-building on learning outcomes such as retention, application, and endurance. Using Skinner’s metric in the classroom also led to instructional design and sequencing strategies focused on frequency-building of behavior components for the purpose of accelerating acquisition and strengthening larger response classes called behavior composites. Lindsley’s standard celeration chart allowed teachers to visualize and quantify both performance (as behavior frequency) and learning (as celeration or change in behavior frequency) over time. It enabled teachers to define mastery (later called fluency) as ranges of correct response rates for specific skills that ensure important learning outcomes, and provided a standard graphic tool (much like the cumulative recorder in the operant conditioning laboratory) for making decisions about program changes and interventions.
During this webinar, Dr. Binder will trace the evolution from Skinner’s operant conditioning lab to the birth and development of precision teaching and fluency based instruction, describing instructional strategies applicable to all learner populations that emerged from this scientific and technical evolution and providing examples that will allow easy application to ABA practice and behavioral education.
After attending this event, attendees should be able to:
- Define performance and learning using Skinner’s measure, rate of response, and explain why he considered it his most important contribution.
- Identify changes in teaching procedures and materials that can remove obstacles to learning and performance for your students
- Identify behavior components that may limit students’ performance and learning if they occur at low rates of response.
- Describe learning outcomes associated with behavioral fluency that would be beneficial for your students.
6:30 pm: Introduction
6:35 pm: Pretest
6:40 pm: Presentation begins
8:15 pm: Q&A submit questions for chat
8:30 pm: Posttest, Evaluation and submit attendance codes
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Dr. Carl Binder is CEO of The Performance Thinking Network, LLC, where he develops performance consultants, leaders and managers in organizations worldwide. Starting in 1970 as a student with B.F. Skinner at Harvard, he worked for ten years in B.H. Barrett’s Behavior Prosthesis Lab, conducting laboratory and classroom research and training teachers. An early contributor to Precision Teaching, he was mentored by Ogden Lindsley and Eric Haughton. In 1982, he founded his first consulting firm, Precision Teaching and Management Systems, Inc., and became active in the International Society for Performance Improvement (ISPI) where his mentors included Tom Gilbert, Joe Harless, Robert Horn and Donald Tosti. He founded Product Knowledge Systems, Inc., a Boston consulting firm specializing in sales enablement for Global 1000 companies. Carl is currently known for Six Boxes® Performance Thinking, a plain English viral approach to organizational performance improvement. APA Division 25 honored Carl with the Fred S. Keller Award (2004), ISPI recognized his contributions to performance improvement with Honorary Lifetime Membership (2009) and the Thomas F. Gilbert Award (2012), and the OBM Network gave him its Lifetime Achievement Award (2015). Contact Carl at email@example.com and learn more about his work at www.sixboxes.com and www.fluency.org
Presenter Disclosure Statement
Dr. Carl Binder is CEO of The Performance Thinking Network, LLC, He has no financial stake in ABAC and has agreed to conduct this webinar for the benefit of the Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies.
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